On the Kumbakonam – Tanjore main road, 12 kms from Kumbakonam, just before Papanasam, you find this Sri Palaivananatha Swamy Temple.
Swayambu linga known as Palaivana nadhar with Dhavalambigai or Dhavala Vennakai mangai, both east facing are the presiding Deity / Shrine.
Since the temple has paalai as sthala vruksham on the bank of Kudamurutti (a branch of Cauvery) river, the place is known as Paalai-Thurai (river bank).
The tiger sent by the arrogant rishis of Dharukavanam is said to have been vanquished by Shiva and the skin of the tiger is the dress for Him here.
Vasishtar, Rama, Sita, Lakshmana, Arjuna are said to have worshipped here.
The temple with 2 prakarams occupies an area of 3 acres with a 5 tiered Rajagopuram. There is a world Famous Granary (Storehouse of Paddy) in front of the temple with a breadth of 86 feet (26 m) and a height of 36 feet (11 m) and capacity of 3,000 Kalam (measure) constructed by Nayaks in 1600 – 1634.